30 Servings | Only What Works
Pre+ has the maximum dosages used in studies per serving with just 1 scoop and 30 FULL servings per tub. Pre+ by Ouroboros will give you that boost you're looking for in the gym without causing jitters or keeping you up too late.
There are several hundred ingredients used in supplements marketed as being effective. However, the vast majority have not been proven to be useful (no evidence to support using them). Most are an absolute waste of time and money. “Only ingredients that work” is our motto.
We determined which ingredients to include based on what available evidence we have from the scientific community. Rather than market unproven and unreliable ingredients to make our product sound exotic, we believe in obtaining the highest quality ingredients that have been researched & verified to produce an effect.
Here are the ingredients in our pre-workout as well as our rationale. Measurements of each ingredient our based upon what recommendations have been given in the literature. Keep in mind that Pre+ used to include 5g of creatine monohydrate, but during the last couple of years, shipping constraints and demand have increased the price of raw creatine by over 400%. With creatine being more of a supplement you should be taking every day and not really one that has any particular benefit in a pre-workout, we replaced it with L-Theanine.
Caffeine [200mg] - Caffeine is probably the most well studied stimulant. It is found in tea, coffee and many other sources. Caffeine doesn't give your more “energy” but what it does is convince your brain that you aren't tired. It inhibits your adenosine receptors from receiving adenosine (which causes sedation and relaxation. With 200mg of caffeine you should notice yourself being more mentally alert and focused in the weight room. While higher amounts of caffeine (500mg and above) have been shown to lead to acute strength increases, there are a few reasons we are only selecting 200mg of caffeine for our pre-workout. The first is that it is generally recommended to consume no more than 400mg on average per day. Most individuals already consume some form of caffeine in the day. Secondly you can become accustomed to caffeine over time so continuously supplementing with higher doses is not a good idea.
Bottom line is that caffeine will allow you to be more focused & alert in the gym.
L-Theanine [200mg] - L-Theanine has a "synergistic" effect with caffeine that results in blunting that "jittery" feeling that some people report from caffeine and diminishes the crash that you can experience as the caffeine wears off.
“Interestingly, the relaxing and attention promoting properties of L-theanine coupled with the lack of sedation may have its most significant supplemental role in attenuating the 'edge' of many stimulants. A combination of theanine with caffeine (200mg each) is noted to be synergistic in promoting cognition and attention.”
This means less jitters and shakiness so you don't feel like you're having a heart attack and you can just focus on working out, crushing personal bests, and getting an arm blistering pump from the next ingredient.
Citrulline Malate 2:1 [8g] - Citruline Malate is an amino acid which has benefited from more research recently. When consumed, citrulline is converted into arginine within your kidneys. Citrulline has been shown to help reduce fatigue. It helps increase your overall training volume (by increasing ATP production and efficiency of your ATP usage). It has also been shown to help decrease muscle soreness by being a potential buffering agent for your body. Lastly it can help with getting a pump by increasing your plasma argnine levels. This is important because increased arginine in your blood leads to more nitric oxide. This in turn leads to improved vasclular health aka bigger pumps. While not only cosmetic, a pump means there is restricted blood flow to a muscle. Restricted blood flow leads to more local growth factors (increased protein synthesis).
Bottom line is that citrulline malate assists in reducing training fatigue (letting you do more work), decreases next day soreness & increases the pump you get. Combine all of this together and it will lead to more hypertophy.
We are using citrulline malate as it is absorbed better in the body.
- Beta Alanine [4g] - So what's the deal with beta alanine? When ingested it turns into carnosine and acts as an acide buffer. It protects from exercise induced lactic acid. It has been shown to help increase muscular endurance (a 2.85% increase) when exercising for 60-240 seconds. In other words when you are doing very high rep work (probably in the range of 20 or more) it might let you squeeze out another rep or two. There is evidence to support that incorporating higher rep ranges (20+) can help with hypertrophy. It is for this reason that we keep beta alanine.
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